Stewart Tolnay


Ph.D. 1981, University of Washington. Family demography, migration and mobility, historical demography, race/ethnicity.

Department: Sociology
Position: S. Frank Miyamoto Professor of Sociology
Email: click here
Phone: (206) 685-2284
Box: 353340
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Research Summary:

Stewart Tolnay’s research during the past decade has focused on two broad topics, (1) the Great Migration of southerners to the North and West and (2) the history of racial violence in the southern U.S. His work on the Great Migration was supported by grants from NICHD and NSF and has been published in highly regarded journals such as the American Sociological Review, Social Forces, Demography, Social Science Research, and Social Science Quarterly, as well as in his book The Bottom Rung: African American Family Life on Southern Farms (University of Illinois Press, 1999) which received the Otis Dudley Duncan Book Award from the Population Section of the American Sociological Association. Tolnay’s research on the Great Migration led to important new findings, some of which contradicted conventional wisdom regarding the phenomenon. For example, he showed that the children of African American southern migrants in the non-South were actually more likely to reside with two parents than were northern-born children. In a recent paper that was published in the American Sociological Review (Feb. 2011), Tolnay, along with co-authors Suzanne C. Eichenlaub and J. Trent Alexander, showed that, in the short-run, the economic standing of southern-born migrants in the non-South actually trailed that of comparable non-migrants and intra-regional migrants in the South. Tolnay’s second area of recent research involved the creation of a new database to study the history of southern lynching between 1882 and 1930. With support from the National Science Foundation, Tolnay’s project successfully linked roughly 1,000 lynch victims (approximately 45% of all named victims) to their records in the original enumerators’ manuscripts from the census that immediately preceded their deaths. A recent article in the American Sociological Review (June 2011) by Tolnay and his colleagues (Amy Kate Bailey, E.M. Beck, and Jennifer Laird) used the new database to provide the first ever sociodemographic profile for a large cross-section of lynch victims and also compared their characteristics to those of non-victims from the same counties.

Recent Publications:

Spring, A.; Tolnay, S.; Crowder, K., (Forthcoming), Moving for Opportunities? Changing Patterns of Migration in North America, Handbook of Migration, White, M., Springer.

Bailey, A. K.; Tolnay, S. E.; Beck, E. M.; Laird, J. D., (2011), Targeting Lynch Victims: Social Marginality or Status Transgressions?, American Sociological Review, 76: 3, 412-437.

Crowder, K.; Hall, M.; Tolnay, S. E., (2011), Neighborhood immigration and native out-migration, American Sociological Review, 76: 1, 25-47.

Eichenlaub, S. C.; Tolnay, S. E.; Alexander, J. T., (2010), Moving Out But Not Up: Economic Outcomes in the Great Migration, American Sociological Review, 75: 1, 101-125.

Bailey, A. K.; Tolnay, S. E.; Beck, E. M.; Roberts, A. R.; Wong, N. H., (2008), Personalizing Lynch Victims: A New Database to Support the Study of Mob Violence, Historical Methods, 41: 1, 47.

Tolnay, S. E., (2008), Nevels, Lynching to Belong: Claiming Whiteness through Racial Violence, JOURNAL OF AMERICAN HISTORY -BLOOMINGTON-, 95: 2, 552.

Tolnay, S.; Eichenlaub, S. C., (2008), Inequality in the West: Racial and Ethnic Variation in Occupational Status and Returns to Education, 1940-2000, Social Science History, 31: 4, 471-507.

Tolnay, S. E., (2007), Sundown Towns: Hidden Dimension of American Racism by James W. Loewen; Rough Justice: Lynching and American Society, 1874-1947 by Michael J. Pfeifer, JOURNAL OF THE GILDED AGE AND PROGRESSIVE ERA, 6: 3, 339-343.

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