Population Health Interventions: Integrating Individual and Group Level Evidence
Posted: 8/30/2016 (Funding)
To improve health and reduce disease burden, scientific research is best implemented at the biological, clinical and population level. The goal of these FOAs is to promote research that aims to integrate individual factors with community and environmental factors. Population health studies focus on the “upstream” level determinants of health–those basic and primary social factors that are fundamental to group level differences in health outcomes. Population health interventions (PHI) provide a way to advance health by linking research at a variety of different levels and allows for the consideration of scale in accounting for human interaction and environmental factors simultaneously.
These funding announcements promote research that utilizes interventions targeting multiple levels, including the individual level (behavioral, familial) and clinical/community level (including the health care system at both the regional and national level). Applications submitted to these funding announcements should recognize the complexities of the multi-factorial origins of health outcomes, and target more than one of the following, including, but not limited to:
- Individual-level factors, such as self-management for health/disease risk factors, stress, and social support.
- Environmental factors, such as culture, social system, social context, and the built environment.
- Provider-level factors, such as improvements in access, quality of care, communication, systems for promoting trust and adherence, and patient support services (e.g., patient navigation).
- Community factors, such as place, developing a social culture of healthy lifestyles, safe environments, and increased choices of healthy foods and leisure activities.
Applicants are strongly encouraged to build multidisciplinary teams comprised of researchers from multiple social and behavioral science fields (including epidemiology and biostatistics, social work, urban planning and development, public policy, anthropology, geography, economics, psychology, sociology, etc.) as well as basic health science and clinical researchers.